Most of the children going to school are often hungry for holidays. While
Playing around in their surroundings they keep getting infected by some or the
Other way, as a result of which their immune system gets disturbed. In some cases the infection can be so dangerous that it may be life threatening. One such infection is typhoid.
But thanks to the latest drugs available from which typhoid is curable. Clinicspots is an ideal place to find the right doctor for hair transplant in Mumbai. Typhoid causes hair loss but in a very small amount.
Today, mostly all the cities have the modern techniques for medical diagnosed diseases. It doesn’t matter whether the environment is clean, surrounding is clean no chances should be taken in case of typhoid. Showing love and affection towards the family by creating awareness of the causes, symptoms and prevention of typhoid is compulsorily beneficial.
The following is the some of the useful information which holds well, even when a person thinks about travelling, or if the mothers out there think about cleanliness.
What is typhoid fever?
Typhoid fever is a symptomatic bacterial infection or it is an acute illness which is associated with fever caused by Salmonella typhi. It is a type of bacteria which frequently causes illness. These bacteria settle down in water and thus it spreads easily to other areas, contaminating it.
How does one get infected with typhoid fever?
People get diagnosed with typhoid fever by drinking contaminated water or eating food that serves as a breeding place for bacteria. People suffering from typhoid can contaminate the surrounding water supply through stool, which has the highest concentration of bacteria. Bacteria created in the water can survive for many days or for several weeks as well.
It is estimated that approximately 3% – 5% of people even after settling out from the disease, carry bacteria which can harm many other people around them also. They may suffer from mild illness which remains unrecognized. These people may be the bacteria carriers for a long period of time even without knowing the symptoms, but they may be the cause for other people to get infected for typhoid fever.
How do the bacteria cause disease and how is it diagnosed?
After the investigation of the contaminated food or the water, the salmonella bacteria enters the small intestine and again it re – enters into the bloodstream temporarily. In Liver, spleen and the bone marrow the bacteria’s are carried out by the blood cells where they multiply themselves and they multiply in huge numbers and again enters the blood stream. People usually go through fever during this process. These bacteria can only be identified in the stool samples. If, even though, the result is not clear then the blood sample is been taken. In early and later stage of the fever stool cultures are sensitive but it must be supplemented with the blood tests also to make the perfect diagnosis.
The symptoms of typhoid fever:-
The incubation period is usually 1 -2 weeks, 3 – 4 weeks may be the duration of the illness. Symptoms may be as follows:-
· Poor diet.
· Constant headache
· Body aches and pain.
· High fever.
· Abdominal pain, feeling uneasy, chest pain is very common symptoms. If there are no complication improvement may be fast say as, the person can recover within third or four week. Most of people about 10% of them have recurrent symptoms after feeling better in one or two weeks.
What is the treatment for typhoid fever, and what is the prognosis?
Salmonella bacteria is the main cause for typhoid. High dose antibiotics are needed to cure the typhoid fever. The fatality rate was about 20%, prior to the use of antibiotics. Overwhelming infection such as pneumonia, intestinal bleeding, may lead to death. With the care given and with the help of antibiotics mortality rate has been decreased to 1 – 2%. With the help of antibiotics recovery is speedy and fast improvement is seen within seven to ten days.
Many kinds of antibiotics are effective for the treatment of typhoid fever. From many years to cure the diseases Chloramphenicol was the original drug. Just because of some serious side effects, chloramphenicol have been replaced by many other effective antibiotics.
Depending upon the type of infection the choice of antibiotics is guided by the doctor. If relapses occur, patients are retreated with antibiotics.
If the situation is worse even when the patient is ill it can be treated with antibiotics. Those who are travelling should keep a first aid, and medicine along with them.